Functionalization of the 3’-ends of DNA and RNA strands with N-ethyl-N-coupled nucleosides: a promising approach to avoid 3’-exonuclease-catalyzed hydrolysis of therapeutic oligonucleotides.
|Title||Functionalization of the 3’-ends of DNA and RNA strands with N-ethyl-N-coupled nucleosides: a promising approach to avoid 3’-exonuclease-catalyzed hydrolysis of therapeutic oligonucleotides.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Terrazas, Montserrat, Alagia Adele, Faustino Ignacio, Orozco Modesto, and Eritja Ramon|
|Date Published||2013 Mar 4|
|Keywords||3’ Flanking Region, Base Sequence, Cell Line, DNA, DNA Polymerase I, Exonucleases, Humans, Luciferases, Molecular Dynamics Simulation, Nucleosides, Oligonucleotides, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2, Renilla, RNA, RNA Interference, Serum, Small Interfering|
The development of nucleic acid derivatives to generate novel medical treatments has become increasingly popular, but the high vulnerability of oligonucleotides to nucleases limits their practical use. We explored the possibility of increasing the stability against 3’-exonucleases by replacing the two 3’-terminal nucleotides by N-ethyl-N-coupled nucleosides. Molecular dynamics simulations of 3’-N-ethyl-N-modified DNA:Klenow fragment complexes suggested that this kind of alteration has negative effects on the correct positioning of the adjacent scissile phosphodiester bond at the active site of the enzyme, and accordingly was expected to protect the oligonucleotide from degradation. We verified that these modifications conferred complete resistance to 3’-exonucleases. Furthermore, cellular RNAi experiments with 3’-N-ethyl-N-modified siRNAs showed that these modifications were compatible with the RNAi machinery. Overall, our experimental and theoretical studies strongly suggest that these modified oligonucleotides could be valuable for therapeutic applications.